Half-day on using ontology to help engineering
Wednesday, February 8, 9:30-12:00
09:30-9:45 Stefano Borgo
Introduction to the event
09:45-10:45 Bob Young
Title: Manufacturing reference ontologies – a route to knowledge sharing and interoperability?
Abstract: Competitive manufacturing industries are always striving to be “better, faster and cheaper” to stay ahead of their competition. This requires the ability to make successful business decisions against substantial time constraints and with limited high quality information. However, although ICT tools for manufacturing industry have advanced dramatically in recent years they do have significant drawbacks when it comes to providing the holistic capabilities that are critical to long-term competitive solutions. Part of the solution to this problem lies in the exploitation of semantic technologies that provide a formal, logic base route to sharing meaning.
The effective exploitation of semantic technologies for knowledge sharing and interoperability is not easy, as is evident from the on-going problems that exist in industrial decision support environments. This presentation discusses the problems from a manufacturing perspective and argues for the development of manufacturing reference ontologies that sit between foundation and domain ontologies. The results of a number of projects, culminating in the recently completed EU Factories of the Future FLEXINET project, will be used to demonstrate how this is possible, linking a wide range of manufacturing software support applications, all interacting based on an underlying knowledge base that utilised the reference ontology. This approach will be discussed in terms of its potential development to provide a common shared understanding that can be flexibly and dynamically applied to transform manufacturing industry in the next phase of the information revolution.
Bio: Prof Young is Professor of Manufacturing Informatics in the Wolfson School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering at Loughborough University in the UK. He has some 40 years experience in new product development and manufacturing engineering, working both in UK industry and in academia. His research is focused on exploiting advanced Information and Communications Technologies to aid multi-disciplinary teams of engineers in their decision-making through the provision of timely, high quality information and knowledge. To that end his research in recent years has been heavily focused towards the development and use of formal ontologies as a basis for effective knowledge sharing and interoperability in manufacturing.
Prof Young works with a broad range of manufacturing companies from large multi-nationals in the aerospace and automotive sectors to more local manufacturing SMEs. In this latter area he is a director of TANet, an organisation aimed at providing support to the UK SME manufacturing sector. As well as working closely with industry, Prof Young is committed to developing effective information standards for manufacture. To that end he is deputy convenor of the international standards organisation working group concerned with “manufacturing process and management data”, ISO TC184 SC4 JWG8. Prof Young also leads a task group within the EU’s Virtual Laboratory for Interoperability or INTEROP-VLab. This group is focused on developing improved methods for Manufacturing Enterprise Interoperability.
11:00-12:00 Ferruccio Mandorli
Title: Knowledge representation in mechanical drawings and MCAD models
Abstract: Mechanical drawings and 3D MCAD models play a central role in the design/production process. Both can be considered “documents” aimed at representing the shape of mechanical components and assembly as well as additional (technological) information, required for product development. The presentation will summarize similarities and differences of knowledge representation in this two types of documents, with particular reference to the influence that the skills of the author and the limitation of the modeling tool may have on the representation of implicit (or tacit) knowledge. The objective is to define an educational approach aimed at overcoming the limitations of traditional drawing and modeling teaching methodologies, mainly based on standards, best practices and guidelines.
Bio: Ferruccio is full professor at the Department of Industrial Engineering and Mathematics Science at the Università Politecnica delle Marche, where he teaches Mechanical Drawing and Computer Aided Design. He obtained a degree in Computer Science from the University of Milan in 1990. After spending 10 months at the University of Tokyo (Kimura Laboratory, Department of Precision Machinery Engineering, Faculty of Engineering) as guest researcher, thanks to a CNR scholarship, he entered the Ph.D. course in Engineering of Industrial Production at the Industrial Engineering Department of the University of Parma where he was awarded his Ph.D. in 1995. Feature-Based methodologies and Knowledge Aided Engineering Systems have been his topics of research for several years. At present, his main interest is focused on the methodologies and tools to support education in the mechanical engineering area.
Location: Sala Grande B (ground floor)
Laboratory for Applied Ontology (ISTC-CNR)
via alla Cascata 56/C
For further info: stefano.borgo [at] cnr.it